Permanent exhibitions

Folk material culture

Folk material culture

This exhibition presents the oldest and most common occupation of the rural population, that is agriculture. The artefacts include: Ploughing tools such as ploughs, oxen yokes and harrows. Grain harvesting and storing utensils such as sickles, rakes, flails, plaited and gouged storage vessels and measuring devices.

Grits preparing tools such as stone querns, groats mortars and grinders.

Wooden axes cart.

Beekeeping and fishing, which are also one of the oldest activities carried out by villagers, are documented by such artefacts as log and straw hives and water sprayers, as well as fishing baskets and eel bucks.

A significant number of people living in villages around Krasnystaw dealt with weaving, hence the exhibition depicts subsequent stages of work from flax harvesting to manufacturing fabric on a weaving workbench.

At the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries there were a number of craftsmen guilds in Krasnystaw. Those included pottery, blacksmithing, cooperage, shoemaking, carpentry and wheelwright, and they are all represented by such exhibits as:

  • Clay pots, bowls, double-pots, pitchers and other clay vessels shaped on a potter’s wheel.
  • Blacksmith’s tools and goods, among which there are blacksmith bellows, an anvil, hoes, sickles, horseshoes, balcony railing, wayside crosses, stave vessels such as barrels, casks, firkins and churns.
  • Carpentry workbench equipped with jack-planes, drills, saws and wheelwright’s workbench.


A number of those objects were part of the equipment of a cottage located in Krasnystaw County at the turn of the centuries.

Author: Muzeum Regionalne w Krasnymstawie
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